Wednesday, January 14, 2015

African Buffalo threatened by hunters

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Such as the Tigers, elephants, Lions, rhinos and other animals, also the African Buffalo is threatened by illegal trade in luxury. Several Trophy Hunters, in South Africa, are paying high amounts to kill the Buffalo with the biggest horns and many farmers willingly accept the money that allows the slaughter of these animals.

The hunters are so many suitors that farmers compete with each other to see who can create the Buffalo with the biggest horns and this can put the conservation of the African Buffalo at risk.

Many farmers are selling Buffalo with big horns to extortionate amounts and getting rich at the expense of the animals. The Dodo writes that in 2012 a South African farmer sold a Buffalo with horns of 1.4 meters by more than € 2,5 million.

In past centuries, the African Buffalo could have horns of 1.5 meters. However, the trophy hunters slaughtered the Buffalo with the biggest horns and, currently, an animal with horns of 90 cm is quite valuable.

In the 19TH century 90, the number of African Buffalo has decreased dramatically, according to the International Union for conservation of nature, but conservation efforts and private farmers resulted in the population of these animals grew to the current 900,000.

However, if private developers in the past helped save the African Buffalo, nowadays can be helping on their extinction by creating animals with horns too large. "These people are playing a dangerous game they jeopardize financial one of the biggest conservation success stories in the world", indicates Chris Niehaus, former Chief Executive of South African Hunters and Game Conservation Association.

A creation so targeted changes several behaviors and adaptations of animals â€" the domestication of chickens is the example of this. By favouring a distinct genetic trait animals â€" in this case the length of the horns-breeding programs threaten the characteristics that make the animals strong enough to resist drought and predators.

Outside of farms, the wild population of Buffalo is already shrinking and, in some areas, the animal disappeared already, due to disease and conflict, second indicates the African Wildlife Foundation.

Foto: Steve Rota/Creative Commons

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